Ghataprabha Bird Sanctuary is situated near Kolhapur-Nargund Road about 70 km from Belagavi spread across a beautiful area of 29.785 sq.kms. It is a small bird sanctuary comprising a section of Ghataprabha River and over 20 islands in it. A weir & dam constructed during 1883 near Dhupdal have created a reservoir upstream with a large island in its midst. This is the only part of the Sanctuary which is actively managed.
This sanctuary is known for many migratory birds, including the Demoiselle crane, European white stork, and others. The sanctuary encompasses an area of 28 km of the Ghataprabha river. November to March is the perfect time to visit the sanctuary as most of the migratory bird species nest here.
Most of the islands that comprise the sanctuary are barren and dry and one of them at the western side of Dhupadal lake is Swampy and another has a good growth of Acacia arabica, Pithecollobium dulce and Bambusa arundianaeca, both being introduced species.
Acacia arabica and Imperata cylindrica are considered of special interest, as they are good for nesting. Apart from harboring endemic birds like little cormorant, Egret, Ibis, kingfisher, storks, Snake birds, Heron etc., the area is noted for having attracted migratory birds like Demoiselle cranes and European white storks which have been sighted normally from November to March.
The sanctuary is noted for harboring the migratory birds like Demoiselle cranes (Anthropoides virgo) and Europian white storks (Ciconia ciconia) which have been sighted normally from November to February, along with endemic birds like peacocks, Egrets (Cattle, large & Little), white ibis, Lesser pied, snakebird, storks (open billed), Little cormorants, spoonbill, kingfisher, Red wattle lapwing etc.
Apart from avifauna, the Sanctuary supports a variety of snakes both of poisonous and non-poisonous nature. The commonly seen are green snakes, rat snakes, cobras, pythons, etc. Other animals commonly seen around the Sanctuary are Jackals, Mongoose, and wild boars, Hares etc.
Birds are seen:
Baya weaver bird, Black-capped king fisher, Blue Rock Pigeon, Black cdrongu, Cagttle Egretx, Common Myna, Darter or Snakebird, Demoiselle crane, Europian white storks, Fish owls, Grey partridge, House crow, Sparrow, Jerdon’s Double, Jungle Crow, Koel, Little Egret, Large Egret, Large Indian Parakeet, Little Cormorant, Lesser pied, open billed Stork, Pond Heron, Peocock, Red-wattled lapwing, Stork-billed kingfisher, Spoon bill, White ibis, White wrock.