Belagavi which was a village earlier is slowly moved to Tier 2 city and heading to the higher rank as development in the city is on peak through the Industries, infrastructure development, automobiles and many more. This is slowly leading to the increase of the many other problems like climate change by means of sunny summers, cold winters, and heavy rains.
Apart from this, there is one more problem which is peeping into the matter is pollution. Presently the pollution in the city is to a moderate level and is slowly moving towards the high level.
Prof. Sagar Waghmare and his team from S G Balekundri Institute of Technology, Belagavi has studied the city pollution by collecting 27 samples throughout the city covering the entire city. Which has inferred that the city is under the moderate to a high level of pollution?
The collected samples are been analysed for the heavy metals like Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu), Lead (Pb), Zinc (Zn) and Chromium (Cr) through Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) and later is analysed for the parameters like Contamination Factor, Degree of Contamination, Pollution load Index and Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) these all parameters talks about the pollution levels in the city.
From the Contamination factor, it has been seen that 13 location out of the 27 are under the high threat to pollution due to the presence of a high amount of Lead and zinc as a pollutant. From the pollution load index, it shows that out of 27 locations 6 locations are under moderate level of risk while 12 Locations are under the high level of risk and to the surprise the some of the residential areas along with industrial areas fall in the high-risk zone of the pollution. This may be due to an increasing number of vehicles in the areas.
Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) is a multistep–procedure for estimating the pollution risks of heavy metal that are relevant to human in a given medium based on non-carcinogenic effects. This calculation is based on the average life of the human in Belagavi city as 65 years and the exposer of the human to this climate to 365 days which shows that Iron and Copper is the main metals which will affect the human health of the Belagavi city while the lead will be affecting the public health to the certain locations (12 Locations) this mainly includes the location of industrial areas as well the traffic singles.
This shows that along with the Delhi, Bengaluru, Belagavi is also growing in all respect along with the pollution in the city. The main cause which is observed for the pollution is the increase in the number of vehicles, wear and tear of the tyres due to bad road conditions and improper waste management from the industrial areas.