Bharat Ratna PanditMadan Mohan Malaviya (1861–1946) was an Indian educationist and politician notable for his role in the Indian independence movement and his espousal of Hindu nationalism. He was respectfully addressed as Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya and also addressed as ‘Mahamana’. Malaviya is most remembered as the founder of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) at Varanasi in 1916, the largest residential university in Asia and one of the largest in the world, having over 12,000 students across arts, sciences, engineering and technology. Malaviya was Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University from 1919–1938. Malaviya was the President of the Indian National Congress on four occasions (1909 & 1913,1919,1932) he left congress in 1934.
A special Conference of the Hindu Mahasabha was held at Belgaum Under the Presidentship of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya on the 27th & 28th December 1924 in the Congress Pandal, (Currently Veer Soudha near First gate) in which the Congress session was held where Mahatma Gandhi was the President. Malvaia announced that a committee chaired by Lajpat Rai would represent Hindus at an All-Parties Conference to be held in Delhi.
The Kaktives circle is also named after this Bharat Ranta as Madan Mohan Malaviya circle.